The original meaning of the word concert is “together”. It is probably derived from the Latin sconsertu (from conserere, “tie together”) is indicating a vocal instrumental composition. First examples so named are the Ecclesiastical Concerts for eight voices with organ by Adriano Banchieri of 1595. And the Hundred Ecclesiastical Concerts one, two, three and four voices for sonar on organ by Lodovico Viadana of 1602.
Concerts in Seventeenth Century
In 1619, Claudio Monteverdi entitled Concertohis seventh book of madrigals, containing pieces for voices with instrumental accompaniment. While in the 18th century Johann Sebastian Bach defined some of his sacred cantatas with this name.
The term concert indicating an instrumental composition, initially given by the alternation of a group of instruments with the rest of the orchestra. It was outlined in the Baroque period and then developed in an ongoing process, in the real form of the concert. Its composition in three strokes, which sees the alternation, within the composition, of solo elements accompanied by the remaining orchestra.
Many Italian composers dedicated themselves to this form. Indeed it can be said that musical Italy has contributed a lot to the development of the concert. In addition to numerous works of genre mentioned to us, many characteristic features of it were inspired by typical elements. Also its structural of the theatrical genre, which we remember being a typically Italian musical form.
On a popular level, and to demonstrate the presence of percussion instruments also in the concert repertoire, Ney Rosauro and his Concerto n ° 1 for marimba and orchestra will be presented (among the numerous composers who have composed for percussion instruments) .
The concert form in the Baroque period
In the seventeenth century, a purely instrumental form, without relevant solo parts, was called a “group concert or ripieno”; this concept of terminology and instrumental training remained so until Antonio Vivaldi.
Another type of instrumental form was called “big concert”, defined in this way in relation to the number of musicians included in the score. In addition, the musicians who distinguished themselves for skill, from time to time, within the composition were “isolated” from the rest of the orchestral team, to obtain a sound contrast between the “isolated” ones, or the soloists called “concertino”, and the remaining orchestral ones, defined as “ripieno” or “concerto grosso”, just like the musical form.
Instruments used in the Concerts
Generally, the instruments included in the “concertino” were two violins and a cello. But there could also be other instruments, while the harpsichord had the function of providing the harmonic filling of the continuo. Only later were concerts for solo harpsichord and orchestra composed, especially through the work of Johann Sebastian Bach, who was greatly influenced by the Italians Antonio Vivaldi for the composition of some of his concerts. His music was well known in Germany, but also from the archaic model of the form of Arcangelo Corelli. For example; his Concerto italiano is transposition for solo instrument of the typical style of the orchestral works of the Italian composers.
The composer Giuseppe Torelli, considered one of the greatest exponents of the Bolognese school, introduced the solo element. But it was with Antonio Vivaldi that the form of the concerto for solo instrument and orchestra developed.
The first of the three movements; for its construction, was inspired by the structure of the aria, present in the theatrical work form. This includes a refrain that introduces the voice; and the repetition of the same in full or abbreviated throughout the piece.
For some titles or for the formal characteristics; which some of his concerts showed, these placed in specific “musical strands”, such as “descriptive music” or “program music”.
Descriptive music is that musical form in which, through particular sounds and dynamics, an object, a person, an animal or any other natural phenomenon can be described by bringing back physical or emotional characteristics (of a person or an animal) of the described subject in music. . For example, Vivaldi’s concerts with the titles; Il gardellino , The sea storm , The shepherdess , The rest , The night , The restlessness , The pleasure fall into this vein .
Instead program music
Instead program music is that type of instrumental music based on an articulated scheme of extra-musical references (poetic-literary, pictorial, biographical, descriptive).
The live concerts are in common in the whole US where everyone having a ticket can have access. Seatsforeveryone has arranged the tickects for all types of concerts nationwide. You can also search concerts near me from here.