Screen Printing is the procedure of pushing down the ink through a stencilled network screen to generate a printed design. This technique is used worldwide in various industries. This process is also known as silkscreen printing. Screen printing is popular for artwork, posters, and even on fabrics. It’s beneficial for many custom clothing and products. The most commonly used screens are fabrics and paper, but along with specialized inks, you can print it onto wood, metal, plastic, and even glass.
History of Screen Printing:
Screen printing is an old form of art and was first developed in China, where it was used for printing on the fabric. Japanese artists later adopted this art. They used screen printing for transferring the design from paper to fabric.
Use of Screen Printing
The primary reason behind the screen printing technique being widely used is because it produces vivid colours in dark fabrics. The ink also lies in the layers on the surface of the material or the paper, which gives the print excellent quality.
Another practical reason is that the same stencil can replicate a design many times, and it also allows the printer to recreate a design repeatedly.
Procedure for the screen printing:
1. Generate the design
2. Assembling it on the screen
3. Manufacturing the emulsion
4. The mixture is cleansed, creating a stencil
5. The item is prepared for print
6. The ink is pushed down through the screen onto the fabric or paper
7. The final product is then dried, checked, and finished.
A Guide to the Screen Printing Equipment
A screen printer needs to have the right tool for printing the pleasant design:
1. The screen-printing press: manual, semi-automatic and automatic
2. The inks
3. The silkscreens
4. The squeegee
5. The washing stations
Will the Screen-Printing Ink Washout?
One of the common questions that arises is whether the design of screen painting will wash off? Well, if the professional uses good quality heat-treated washable ink, then there is no possibility of painting to get washed out. It is paramount that the professional makes use of excellent quality ink, and they also stick to the guidelines suggested by the manufacturer.
Screen Painting and Digital Printing
There are two popular types of printing, one of digital print and screen printing. When it comes to digital printing, it uses an exceptional fabric printer, like that of an inkjet computer printer. It directly transfers the image onto the fabric. Since there is no stencil required in printing, multiple colours can be pressed simultaneously.
In this printing, there is significantly less setup required, which means it is highly cost-effective. When it comes to the effectiveness of print, then DTG is not able to produce the same impact as that done by screen printing.
Differentiate between silk screen printing and heat transfer?
Heat transfer painting works by using the heat to transfer heat to the fabric, it helps in strong bonding of the design. The heat reactive material has adhesive on this which helps in easy transfer of print, we call this coated material as sublimation paper.
They put the heat press into the transfer paper, then the adhesive works on the design and it causes the design to stick to the fabric, thus leading to a print on the fabric. Heat transfer is comfortable and cost-effective. The quality may vary depending upon the type of material used.
This was all the information pertaining to screen printing. If you are looking for a contractor who does this work, make sure you choose the best one